Revolutija in Bologna

Exhibition 'RevolutijaA day in Bologna to see masterpieces never before exhibited outside of the Russian State Museum of St Petersburg on the centenary of the Russian revolution . Entitled Revolutija‘  – it relates those tumultuous days through the eyes of famous artists such as Kandinsky, Malevich, Chagall, and stars of the avant-garde….displaying the extraordinary modernity of the cultural movements of Russia at that time from Primitivism to Cubo-Futurism up to Suprematism, Expressionism and pure abstract art’ Wow!

We were just in time as the exhibition closed on the weekend, and was definitely not to be missed! Information boards recounted Russian history and important events leading up to the Revolutions of 1905 and 1917 and photographs, old film footage highlighted the harsh reality of the period. It was rich with atmosphere and drama, strengths and fragilities, joy and sadness. An overwhelming mix of superb works of art.

Such a plethora of information on the audio guide that I needed to circle the exhibition more than once to have time and head space to just savour the artworks and let them do their own talking as well as watch the old film screening. Political and social unrest Massacre at July Demonstration 1917with workers striking about their dismal conditions, peasants protesting about their miserable earnings, student unrest, and reactions against the Tsar and the repressive measures that occurred during demonstrations often ending in massacres. Disturbing and turbulent times indeed.

I instantly fell in love with Malevich, a new artist discovery for me, as I could not take my eyes of his beautiful symbolic geometric representations, intriguing secrets hidden in the abstractness, evoking compassion, making statements, strong and bold. But then I am passionate about futurist painters which Malevich was initially a part and later became the father of  ‘Suprematism – the belief that Suprematist art would be superior to all art of the past, and that it would lead to the supremacy of pure feeling or perception in the pictorial arts…. a search for the ‘zero degree’ of painting, the point beyond which the medium could not go without ceasing to be art.’  His famous paintings of bold black squares, circles or crosses on white became the symbol of his ‘zero degree’ art.

From strong and bold to the delicate and rather joyful depiction of Chagall in a self 'The Stroll' Marc Chagall 1917portrait with his wife Bella, and ‘the colourful even fun ‘On White’ by Wassily Kandinsky. 'On White' Kandinsky 1920

 

 

 

 

 

The exhibition ends with a celebration of the International Communist Party congress in 1920 alongside various artists work on the industrial period of the late 1920’s rendering tribute to the workers, ‘the heroes’, in the factories.

So much to take in and complemented by a comprehensive catalogue, that I could not resist, containing even more photos of the period and historic details of the harsh conditions and the creativeness of local artists, not always in line with the political regimes. So if I never get to Russia at least I have seen some of the splendid treasures they house at their State Museum.

Of course after feeding the intellect it was time to feed the stomach….and Bologna‘s famous tortellini spilled out of every corner alongside chunks of well matured Parmesan cheese. Tempting delicacies for everyone’s taste buds.Tortellini e Parmesan Bologna

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Plogging along – Cinque Terre

Plogging” has been introduced to the Cinque Terre this season in an effort to clean up the plastic trash along the trails. “Plogging” is an idea started in Sweden with happy joggers/hikers picking up trash as they jog along…. So the National Park of the Cinque Terre has included it in their “Vivi il Parco” ( Live the Park) project arming potential hikers with gloves and bags inviting them to pick up the rubbish on their way through. On their return they will be rewarded with a series of gadgets, from the Park – puppets, key rings, T-shirts, hats and I hope NO PLASTIC!?Cinque Terre trail

The “plogging” appears to only apply to the high trails, which are free and lovely to do although requiring more time and a little more energy. My favourite is from San Bernardino via Corniglia to Manarola and for a change I sometimes hike to  Vernazza  via the Madonna del Reggio. The logic is also to encourage tourists to move away from the coastal trails as daily people traffic on these trails between Corniglia-Vernazza-Monterosso is already intense.

The Rainbow Warrior of Greenpeace toured along the Ligurian coastline last year, taking samples and identified an alarmingly high rate of plastic and microplastics at sea. Not a surprise really as it seems to be an issue worldwide and the National Park has made other suggestions to alleviate the problem of plastic – like the ban on the sale of water in plastic bottles, much talked about but so far not implemented.

Tourist crowds ferry stop Cinque TerreAnd with the recent long weekend holidays and Summer temperatures the crowds literally poured into the Cinque Terre. An estimate of 5million visitors on the 30th April and a maximum of 33 coach buses parked above Manarola! The photos from local newspapers show the bedlam at the railways stations and ferry stops.Tourist crowds Cinque Terre

 

 

The Park and the Liguria Region hope to increase the capacity of the trains and ferries as they are reluctant to put a limit on numbers of tourists. The Local Councillor responsible for Tourism interview on Tv that evening said the villages are unable to cope with the crowds and preferred to spend resources on restoring the trails. He hoped for (the elusive) “Sustainable Tourism that would keep residents and tourists happy, provide sufficient economic returns to enterprises in the area without damage to the territory.”  After all Manarola has only 250 residents, Vernazza around 500 and the entire 5 villages a total of 4,500, who become insignificant on days of a 5 million influx!

So the battle continues and we shall see what the outcome may be. Venice introduced turnstiles to limit the numbers as a first step a week ago. I have suggested we need a weekly rest day at least, like the major art Galleries do……

Corniglia MarinaIn the meantime knowing the other villages would be overflowing, I left early for the Marina at Corniglia for my first swim of the season. Beautifully quiet, freezing water or should I say energizing water for just a quick dip, and very restful. Yachts and fishing boats coasting past and only the sound of waves lapping the new Marina, until the afternoon attracted a few more locals. Corniglia Marina

But sssshhh, don’t spread the word as I’d like it to stay that way for the entire Summer!

Will keep you posted on how well the ‘ploggers plog!’

 

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